Good teachers in every subject and grade level will adjust their teaching based on what their students know at each point. Valuable formative assessment holds all students accountable, engages everyone, removes the embarrassment of public hand raising, gives teachers real-time results that impact how and what they are teaching at that moment, and give students immediate feedback that impacts how they are learning.
When you are getting started with or refining formative assessment in your classroom, here are some things to think about:
- Think about your learning cycle and determine where you would like to embed checks for understanding/formative assessment to provide you with real-time data that will allow you to adjust your instruction and provide personalized learning for individual students’ unique needs.
- Determine in the formative assessment is formal or informal. Formal formative assessments are often documented and may or may not carry grade points (quizzes, papers, entrance slips, presentations, concept maps, written surveys, etc.) Informal formative assessments are less documented and often more performance-based (quick checks for understanding, questioning, discussions, observations, confidence indicators like thumbs up/thumbs down, interviews, etc.)
- Formative assessments, whether formal or informal, are embedded regularly into every step of the learning process, not just administered at the end of the learning cycle/instructional period.
- In order to have a meaningful formative assessment, it should have three things. First, there should be proper alignment between the formative assessment and your standards (what you intend to measure. Next, there should be opportunities for “in-the-moment” feedback. Effective feedback should be relevant, include clear goals, address misconceptions, provide students with opportunities to advance, and include specific comments, not just a grade. Lastly, the formative assessment should provide opportunities for the student and the teacher to reflect on learning.
- All formative assessments should inform teaching and learning, so when you are choosing a formative assessment tool or app you should be thinking about how the data is collected and what types of reports the teacher has access to and what feedback the students have access to.
- The formative assessment tool you choose should provide immediate and specific feedback to students, so they can track their progress and take ownership of their learning
These are some of my favorite formative assessment tools to use in the classroom.
When you use Google Form Quiz with Google Classroom you now have the ability to import grades from Google Form Quiz to Google Classroom!
-Creating a Google Form Quiz
-Import Grades from Google Form Quiz to Google Classroom
Socrative allows teachers to instantly connect with students as learning happens. You can quickly assess students with prepared activities or on-the-fly questions to get immediate insight into student understanding. Teachers can then view students responses and results in real-time from their teacher dashboard. These results can then be used to determine the best instructional approach for individual students or groups of students.
-Socrative Online Help Center
-edpuzzle Teacher Help Center
-edpuzzle Student Help Center
-Padlet Help Center
-30 Creative Ways to Use Padlet in the Classroom
-ClassKick Teacher Resources
-ClassKick Teacher Guide
-ClassKick Sample Assignments Library
-56 Different Ways to Gather Evidence of Student Achievement
-Formative Assessment Strategies
-The Definitive K-12 Guide to Formative Assessment
-What Are Formative Assessments and Why Should We Use Them?
-What is Formative Assessment?
Tearra K. Bobula
NR21 Professional Development Strategist
Carson City, NV