Thursday, August 30, 2018

UPDATES to Google Classroom


This summer BIG changes were announced to Google Classroom.  Here are a few of NR21's favorite updates as well as links to experts demonstrating these new features.
  • NEW Classroom tab: We asked and Google heard us.  While topics was a useful way to sort assignments and posts, this option was not as user-friendly as it could be.  With the creation of the Classroom tab, teachers can create modules to sort assignments into. Users also have the ability to move these assignments up or down the stream.  While not perfect, this is an improvement.
  • NEW Grading Features: If you are like us, grading written responses and essays in Classroom was a bit of a chore.  Each document had to be opened within Classroom to be annotated, but there was no location to input scoring.  Classroom now allows users to shift between assignments without closing each document. Teachers can create a bank of responses to include as annotations and quickly insert using the # symbol.   
  • Ability to Create Forms within Classroom - This is an important change COMING SOON. Forms have been a resource to educators for a number of years as a means of formative and summative assessment. There will no longer a need to venture outside Classroom. Simply create right within Classroom. Keep an eye out for this change.

Warning: These new Google Classroom features will only appear in NEW Classrooms created after August 7.  Existing Classrooms will retain the older features.  At least for now. 

Be sure to make some time to explore the new features of this amazing tool!  Or, take a virtual tour of the NEW Google Classroom.

Monday, June 11, 2018

Project-Based Learning

What exactly is Project-Based Learning aka PBL?  The Buck Institute for Education defines PBL as
"students work on a project over an extended period of time--from a week up to a semester--that engages them in solving a real-world problem or answering a complex question". Dr. Sylvia Chard, a professor at the University of Albert and founder of Project Approach, states "one of the major advantages of project work is that it makes school more like real life.  It's an in-depth investigation of a real-world topic worthy of children's attention and effort".  So, if the purpose of PBL connects the real world to school, what are some other benefits of why teachers should do it?  The answers are as follows:

  • Promotes personal and social responsibility
  • Planning, critical thinking, reasoning, creativity, and collaboration are presented
  • Harnesses communication skills (interpersonal and presentation needs)
  • Enables visualizing and decision making
  • Stimulates cross-cultural understanding
  • Allows for students to assess how and when to use technology and to choose the most appropriate tool for the task.
If you are considering creating or using an already-made PBL for your classroom, consider Edutopia's four rules for authenticity.

  1. The project meets a real need in the world beyond that classroom, or the products that students create are used by real people.
  2. The project focuses on a problem, issue or topic that is relevant to students' lives or on a problem/issue that is being faced by adults.
  3. The project sets up a scenario or simulation that is realistic, even if it is fictitious.
  4. The project involves tools, tasks, or processes used by adults in real settings and by professionals in the workplace.
If you are interested in learning more about PBL, here are some resources to get you started.
PBL Project Search
PBL University
A Step-by-Step Guide to the Best Projects
PBL History


Felicia Wilson
Las Vegas

Monday, June 4, 2018

AVID Strategies for STEAM

Advancement Via Individual Determination, or AVID for short, provides a framework educators can use to “shift to a more equitable, student-centered approach” to teaching (source).

The foundation of an AVID lesson is “WICOR,” which stands for Writing, Inquiry, Collaboration, Organization, and Reading. The idea is that a teacher can support AVID students by incorporating WICOR into their everyday lessons. For example, a teacher can plan opportunities for students to write, use inquiry and critical thinking, collaborate with other students, use a system to organize their work, and read. When teachers use WICOR in their plans, they help AVID students achieve their academic goals and will ultimately set these students up for success in college.

Integrating WICOR into lessons works great in STEAM Academies, too, since students are using the science and engineering practices as they learn. The following list includes AVID strategies that will support STEAM teachers.


Strategy: Cornell Notes

How it Works

Students divide their notebook page into something that looks like this. Students fill out the topic and the essential question. Students write their class notes in the notes section. The notes can be informed by a reading passage that aligns with the lesson objectives. Afterwards, the teacher asks the students help each other come up with higher-order questions based on the content of their notes. Students are also asked to synthesize a summary of what they learned in the summary section.

WICOR
  • Students write their own notes, questions, and summaries. 
  • Students use inquiry to come up with higher-order questions. 
  • Students collaborate with other students as they write their questions. 
  • Students use the Cornell notes structure to organize their work. 
  • Students read from the provided passage.

Tech Infusion

Have students create a Cornell notes template in Google Docs.


Strategy: LENSES Graph Analysis

How it Works

LENSES” is an acronym students can use to navigate their way through a graph. This process works great in small groups, as it gives a chance for students to collaborate with each other. When students see a graph in a textbook, test, or handout, they should Label and List the essential components of the graph like the graph’s title, independent variable (including units), dependent variable (including units), and the high and low data points into a graphic organizer. Students then find the Equation of the graph and determine if the line is showing a direct, indirect, linear, or exponential relationship between the variables. Students then ask themselves, “What do I Notice about the graph?” Specifically, what is the story the graph is trying to tell? Students then Speculate on what may happen to the dependent variable if the independent variable increases or decreases. They can extrapolate the next data point and predict what that value might be. They are asked to make inferences about the graph. Students then Explain their predictions and inferences by writing a paragraph. Finally, students Summarize what they have learned from the graph.

WICOR
  • Students write throughout this process. 
  • Students use inquiry skills to predict and infer. 
  • Students collaborate with each other in a small group. 
  • Students use a graphic organizer to organize their thoughts. 
  • Students read all parts of the graph.

Tech Infusion

Have students make their graphic organizers in Google Docs.


Strategy: One-Pager

How it Works

A One-Pager is a creative response to a student’s learning experience. It allows students to use their imagination as they make connections between vocabulary words and ideas from a curricular unit and it creates an opportunity for students to share their work and use it collaboratively to study. Students are asked to use unlined, white paper to create their one-pager and follow these specific instructions: Title the one-pager to reflect its topic. Students may use pencils, markers, and colored pencils and are encouraged to fill up the entire page. Tell students to be purposeful about how they organize their one-pager and have a reason why a certain color is used or for placing an object in a certain place, for example. Have students include two quotes from their notes, draw three visual images, place five essential vocabulary terms around the images, and write a main idea from one of their readings. Have students write two of their higher-order questions from their Cornell notes onto the one-pager and answer them. Finally, students are asked to draw a symbolic border around the edges of the page.

WICOR
  • Students write throughout this process.
  • Students use inquiry skills to translate their thoughts and notes from one medium to another.
  • Students collaborate with each other by sharing their work and using the one-pagers to study. Think of using cooperative learning structures from Kagan or do a gallery walk.
  • Students are encouraged to be purposeful in how they organize their one-pager.
  • Students synthesize a main idea from one of their class readings. They also will read and interpret other students’ one-pagers.

Tech Infusion

Have students create their one-pager in Google Drawings.

Chris Justus
Las Vegas

Wednesday, May 30, 2018

End of Year Google Classroom and Google Drive Clean Up

The end of the school year is a time when many teachers find themselves cleaning up their classrooms and files and beginning to organize things for the next school year. While it is often more obvious that the physical classroom needs to be organized at the end of the school year, so do our digital classrooms and storage spaces.

Now, is a great time to clean up and organize your Google Classroom(s) and Google Drive.

The following tips will help you clean up your digital classroom and files as you close out one school year and prepare for the next.

Tip #1:  Remember to return all student work

When students submit their work through Google Classroom, Google automatically changes the permissions of the file(s) that were submitted making the teacher the owner and reducing the student's right to "view only." While this is helpful when having assignment deadlines and grading students' work you don't want to leave it this way.

After you have graded assignments you want to make sure to return the work back to the students so that the ownership and access permissions of these files revert back to the students as well. This is critical to remember when you are cleaning up your Google Drive folders and files. If you do not return the assignments back to the students and you delete these files from your Drive you are really deleting the file. However, if you return the work to the students and they resume ownership of the files when you delete them all it does is remove the file from your Drive.

Tip #2:  Un-enroll students who have left your class during the year

If you prefer not to have students accessing content, assignments, information, etc. from your class you can un-enroll them and remove them from your Google Classroom.

Tip #3:  Archive old classes

When you are done with a digital class you can archive the class so that your Google Classroom current class list is cleaned up.

Archiving a Google Class not only removes the class from the list on your main Classroom homepage, it also freezes the class so that no new changes can be made and allows you to still reuse posts and assignments in new Google Classrooms.

Tip #4:  Move old class folders in your Google Drive

Many teachers don't realize that as they use Google Classroom, Google automates the workflow and organization by creating class folders and assignment folders in your Google Drive as you use Google Classroom throughout the year.

Every time you create a class in Google Classroom a folder is created for that class where all the assignment documents and other files are stored. It is important to know that you are able to move class folders in your Google Drive to a new location so that only the current class folders and files are easily visible.

I recommend that you locate your "Classroom" folder in your Google Drive. Within that folder, you can create a new folder and name it "Archived." Now you can simply drag and drop the old (archived) class folders into the new folder you just created.

Moving Google Classroom folders doesn't change anything in your Google Classroom or with file permissions. It just allows you to more quickly and easily find your current Classroom folders and files.

Tip #5:  Remove old Google Classroom calendars

Not only does Google create folders in your Google Drive to organize your digital class it also creates a Google Calendar when you create assignments with due dates. The calendar is a great way for students and teachers to see upcoming due dates for class assignments and projects during the school year.

When the school year is done you don't need the calendars from your Google classes cluttering up your calendar list. You can prevent this by either hiding these calendars or deleting them from your calendar list.



Tuesday, May 15, 2018

We Can All Breakout!

Elevated heartbeat, sweaty forehead, and the anxious anticipation of whether I will escape.  Yes, I am referring to the challenge of an escape room.  There's nothing like that feeling of anxiously working to uncover the clues and escape the room.  As a teacher, I liked to challenge my students to answer mentally puzzling questions or riddles.  My opening activity was always a riddle.  This served as a way to get them focused and ready to think critically.  Another activity that I enjoyed incorporating was a scavenger hunt that I'd create using whatever unit or lesson we were focusing on.  Much like scavenger hunts and escape rooms--Breakout boxes incorporate the same elements.  Students have to critically think about clues to uncover the answer and if they are working in teams they must use collaboration and communication skills to break open the box.
Breakout boxes have gained popularity this year.  As I have observed different classrooms at different schools around the Las Vegas valley, I have seen students breakout or at the very least attempt to breakout.  Students must uncover clues and work with each other to unlock the many locks on the breakout box.
BreakoutEDU.com has a plethora of ready-made breakouts for a fee, but  I have seen many Nevada Ready 21 digital coaches and teachers make their own customized breakouts for much less.  Units, lessons, and books from every content area can be customized into a breakout.
If you are interested n having a breakout happen in your classroom, do not feel like you must use the traditional box and locks.  There are digital breakouts that have the same effect and the best part is---they're free.

If you want to know more about Breakouts in the classroom, here are some resources to get you started.



Felicia Wilson
Las Vegas

Thursday, May 10, 2018

Take Note and Transform Note Taking in Your Classroom

Note taking is a skill prized by teachers and professors but the process is often disliked by students. After all, note taking is difficult work that requires active listening, the processing of information on-the-fly, and synthesizing shorter messages, sometimes involving symbols, that hopefully convey the spirit of the original, longer message. Setting our students up for success in this process is critical to their developing this skill over time. If teachers do it right, students will have a skill they can bring with them to college, their career, and beyond.

In this blog post, we will explore analog and digital note taking ideas teachers can use in their classrooms tomorrow.

Cornell Notes

The Cornell Note system has been around since the 1940s. The system was developed in response to observations a professor made of his students at Cornell University. He noticed students struggled with taking notes from scratch and studying from them. The Cornell Notes System was born!

Students are asked to draw a vertical line 2.5 inches from the left side of a notebook page and a horizontal line 2 inches up from the bottom, as shown in the image on the right.

The resulting two columns have specific roles. The column on the right is for notetaking and the column on the left is used for students to write higher-order thinking questions based on those notes. The idea is that when students study, they can cover up their notes and try to answer their questions. If they need a little extra help answering their questions, they can peek at their notes to find the answers.

The bottom section of the note page is reserved for writing a summary of the notes, which is helpful when studying but it also forces the students to go back through their notes and translate them into a shorter paragraph.

Some teachers reserve the larger column on the right for content other than notes. For example, a teacher might ask students to glue a reading passage or a list of vocabulary terms onto the page. If students create concept maps, they can draw them in this section, too.

Peer-Reviewed Digital Notes

One of the challenges teachers face when transitioning to a 1:1 classroom is what to do with student notes. Way back in 2016 BC (Before Chromebooks), teachers lectured from PowerPoint presentations as students quickly scribbled down notes into their notebooks. But in 2018 AD (After Device), some teachers found the notebook option lacking, especially with all of the things you can do with Google Docs.

The Cornell notes method of notetaking works great when students are using notebooks, pencils, and paper. Teachers working at 1:1 schools, however, may want to harness the power of Docs and transform notetaking with peer-reviewed digital notes.

Teachers can increase collaboration between students, which is one of the skills identified by the Partnership for 21st Century Skills as important for today's students to master. To get students to collaborate with one another, pair students up and make both partners peer-reviewers. Students can share their notes with their collaborative peer reviewer and help one another come up with annotations, ideas for questions, and a review of summaries.

Like the Cornell Notes setup, the peer-reviewed digital notes use columns. There is a column for higher-order thinking questions students can write based on the content of the notes and a section to write a summary of the notes. But one of the biggest differences between the peer-reviewed digital notes and the Cornell Notes setup is that the teacher provides the notes to her students. The idea behind giving the notes to the student is that this frees the student up to synthesize their own notes in the third column. Students can use the power of Docs to define vocabulary terms they might not know, and to add images, links, and additional research to their notes.

Sketchnoting

Want to make the note taking process more visual and access your students’ creative side? Sketchnoting can do just that! Mike Rhode, author of The Sketchnote Handbook, says, “Sketchnotes are rich visual notes created from a mix of handwriting, drawings, hand-drawn typography, shapes, and visual elements like arrows, boxes, and lines.” Taken together, sketchnotes can convey the overall big ideas from a lecture or reading.

Why should teachers bring the sketchnoting practice into their classroom?

When students use sketchnoting to take class notes, students become active listeners as they translate the written and spoken word into a visual representation of the discussion. Students use their critical thinking skills to do this, which is one of the 21st century skills identified by the Partnership for 21st Century Learning as important for students to be successful in college and career. Studies have also shown that “longhand notetakers outperformed laptop notetakers on conceptual understanding and long-term recall” (source).

If a teacher wanted to integrate sketchnoting in their classroom, she should start small at first. Teachers are encouraged to take it slow with students at first and model the process as much as possible. One way to do this is through a “Think Aloud.” During this strategy, a teacher explains their thinking behind why they chose a specific image to draw, or placed an arrow, or wrote text, for example.
The image above is used with permission from Creative Commons and was created by Wesley Fryer.

Concept Mapping

Slides presentations are classroom staples used to transfer knowledge from the teacher to the student. This "sit-and-get" style of information input, however, can be very teacher-centered. Note taking doesn't have to be so one-sided! You can make note taking student-centered by having your students create concept maps as notes.

Concept maps help students organize their thinking, and are made up of a series of terms or concepts linked by connecting phrases. The concepts are enclosed within a rectangle, which are called nodes. Students draw arrows and create connecting phrases between the nodes.

Teach your students to build simple concept maps by imagining the two nodes and the connecting phrase are parts of a sentence. Node 1 is the beginning of the sentence and node 2 is the end of the sentence. The connecting phrase links the beginning with the end. Look at the green graphic for an example of a simple concept map. Note how the direction of the arrow tells the viewer which direction to read the concept map.

From there, students can begin to add more nodes and connecting phrases to their concept map. I tell my students to add interconnections between nodes so their concept map looks like a spider web rather than the spokes of a bicycle tire. Teachers can use the number of interconnections between nodes as a type of formative assessment. The more interconnections between nodes and the more web-like the concept map, the deeper the understanding of the content.

While concept mapping should be mastered first with pencil and paper, students can eventually transition to an online tool like Drawings or Lucidchart to create and share their concept maps.

Chris Justus
Las Vegas

Monday, May 7, 2018

Google Experiment Spotlight

Ever since 2009, computer programmers have pushed the limits of what you can do with Google and Chrome through the design of Google Experiments. These web-based apps can pack a big punch and supplement your digital-infused lessons. For example, art teachers can have students study color palettes from famous paintings using the the Art Palette Google Experiment from its Arts & Culture subdomain.

Users can upload or take a photo and find other art works with similar color palettes to the one you submitted. Take a look at the looping GIF below to see Art Palette in action! If you can't use this in your art classroom, maybe you can use it for your next interior redesign of your living room!


Another cool Google Experiment, Song Maker, can be harnassed by music teachers during a composition unit. Our students can easily make music in Chrome! Students can click on one of the boxes on Song Maker to place a note. Adding more notes can make a song! Students can change the tempo, the musical instrument they're using in their composition, and even the scale. There's a "Mic" option on Song Maker which I did not check out (trust me, I'm doing you a favor) but I'd love to hear from you what it does and how it works! The best part is that once the student saves their masterpiece, the system generates a link students can turn in to Google Classroom or your class's Canvas LMS.

Check out my attempt at writing the theme song to Jeopardy... It (kinda) sounds like it!




The last Google Experiment I'll spotlight in this blog post is, in my opinion, the COOLEST! You know how sometimes you write lessons that ask students to draw a picture? And every time, it seems, a few of the students say, "But Mister, I can't draw, I'm not an artist!"

Enter AutoDraw

AutoDraw takes the frustration out of drawing by using artifical intelligence to guess what your chicken scratch is supposed to represent. A professional clip art-style version of your drawing is then swapped out for your doodle.

For example, if you are attempting to draw a top hat, the system may guess that it is a top hat or a boat or a shirt or a hot dog or a building or a... you get the point. You choose which of those guesses you want to replace it with.

The cool part is now you have a pretty good drawing you or your students can use in a Slide show or in a Google Drawing. Take a look at the looping GIF below to see AutoDraw guess that the lobster I am trying to draw is, in fact, supposed to be a lobster!

-Chris Justus
Las Vegas



Tuesday, May 1, 2018

Transform Your Lessons into 21st-Century Lessons




BoostEDU is a program that supports teachers in transforming their traditional lessons into 21st-century lessons through an inquiry-based self-assessment and guided lesson design process. It's like having your own EdTech Coach sitting right next to you!



Megan Kelly created BoostEDU as part of her Google Innovator project in order to create a solution to the traditional sit and get, one-size fits all, approach to professional development for educators. She wanted to develop a program that would personalize professional development for educators and allow them to reach higher levels of SAMR in their lessons, projects, and activities.

In 4 easy steps, Megan has created a process for teachers to be able to self-reflect on their current lessons and be able to see how incorporating purposeful technology doesn't have to be difficult.

Step 1:  The teacher takes a lesson, project, or activity that they would like to review (ideally it is one that they have already taught or created)

Step 2:  The teacher completes a self-assessment of an original lesson to determine their current level of SAMR/ISTE/4 C’s within their lesson.  During the survey, they will be able select suggestions and tech tools to “boost” their lesson. These results will then be emailed to them in an editable Google Doc.

Step 3:  The teacher will use an online, interactive form to transform their original lesson based on their results from the self-assessment.  The form will be interactive and offer suggestions for technology integration to assist him/her in building this boosted lesson.  When they submit the form, they will receive a digital copy of their lesson plan.

Step 4:  In this step, the teacher will have the opportunity to share their self-assessment results and “boosted” lesson on a Google Plus Community.  After their lesson is complete, they can share the lesson on the BoostEDU website for other teachers to access and use.




Monday, April 30, 2018

I’VE GOT THE WHOLE WORLD IN MY HAND...(well, computer)



Alison H. Graettinger, PhD
Assistant Professor, University of Missouri-Kansas City, KC, MO


We all live, for now, on Earth. That means understanding the planet using geography, environmental science, and geology is important for understanding our history and our future. The problem is, the planet is large and class sessions are only so long. As I study volcanoes, the places I want to talk about are far away, and frequently dangerous (eruptions, harsh weather etc.). Thankfully, technology has come a long way to help us bring the planet, in very tangible forms, into the classroom using one of my favorite tools, Google Earth.
Google Earth lets us, through the desktop application or web application, travel anywhere we want during a class session. This allows us, as teachers, to relate students’ own back yard, to anywhere else in the world, and back again, in a single lesson, or throughout the school year. Google Earth is a simple Geographical Information System (GIS) that is used in geography, geology, infromatics, public health, homeland security, wildlife and ecology studies, law enforcement, utilities, and political science. Knowing how to use GIS is a highly marketable skill for our students and the sooner we introduce them to it, the more than can apply it beyond the classroom. Even better, Google Earth is user friendly and only has the tools that are used most often, making it easy to introduce to students and have them using it within a single class session (30-50 minutes).



Additionally, numerous teachers have already developed lessons and exercises that are easily adapted to whatever topic you wish to incorporate (Sample LessonScavenger Hunt). The rest of this blog is about how I use Google Earth in my introductory and upper level class undergraduate courses and personal research, but I have also helped sixth graders incorporate Google Earth into their Earth Science projects and have had great success taking these same exercises and using them at science outreach events where much younger participants, with no preparation, benefit from the exposure to Google Earth.
I use Google Earth in all of my classes from Introductory Geology, Volcanology, and even the writing intensive senior seminars for Geography, Environmental Scientists and Geologists. We use Google Earth in class, with homework assignments, and in student presentations. The first step is always to introduce students to their own backyard. In Kansas City we have two large rivers that dominate the landscape, but many students have no idea how to recognize their hometown from a satellite image until we take the time to look. This is a great opportunity for students to practice observations skills. They can turn the concept of a long squiggly dark thing to a river, then figure out where school is, their favorite park, their house. Suddenly the complicated becomes familiar.

It is then an easy step to jump to what we were there to talk about, landscape and politics. Kansas City is split by the state line between Missouri and Kansas. The Kansas City Metropolitan area includes both sides of this border, with the larger portion in Missouri, annoying students on Geography quizzes since 1850. This border partially follows the Missouri River, easily noted on the satellite image, and then turns south in a wholly human construct.
Google Earth Image of Kansas City with 20 km scale bar. Using the landscape students are familiar with is a good way to introduce them to Google Earth and even discuss relevant topics.

 

This part of the border is delineated by State Line Road, but is not obvious from above. This is an important opportunity to discuss how borders are assigned and the challenges they pose socially, politically, and practically (snow removal). All we had to do to make this discussion happen was open Google Earth and navigate around with the mouse. The students are now warming up to the program and we are ready to dive into something more subject specific.


I then take students on a tour of some location that matches what we are discussing in class. We could find another river, in the US or half way around the world, to compare and contrast the locations. We can travel to various volcanoes and find examples where political boundaries dividing the volcano in half (a common occurrence)!



Tungurahua (toon gu rah wa) Volcano in Ecuador is divided by a political boundary between to provinces (similar to our US states). This is an easy way to get students to start thinking about how different places are similar to home, but get them to think about how each place is unique.



Now that we’ve started looking at volcanoes around the world the options are limitless. I frequently assign students their own volcano to babysit for the semester. That is, they check if the volcano had any activity by looking at monitoring websites, webcams, and the news, then report back to the class. When one erupts (as volcanoes erupt frequently even if they don’t make news in the US) we can go find out where it is and test out our observation and analysis skills by looking at the landscape. We sometimes are even lucky enough for Google Earth to capture and post images of the volcano in eruption!

Masaya Volcano in Nicaragua has lots of exciting features that we can see in Google Earth. Note how much closer this image is than the previous images. Google Earth is good at many scales!


In my research I use Google Earth because it is low cost and accessible. I can have students conduct research with minimal training, and they can work at home or at school. My particular interest is a type of small volcano that doesn’t build up a cone, like the volcanoes you think of normally. Instead they have lots of explosions before the magma reaches the surface of the Earth and produce small craters. I am interested in the size and shape of these craters as they preserve evidence of those explosions. We need more information on these past eruptions to be prepared for future eruptions. By using Google Earth imagery I’ve been able to study 250 of these volcanoes so far, mainly through student research projects, and am hoping to reach 500 in the next few years.

My research focuses on small volcanoes that don’t build cones, but rather make craters at ground level. They are smaller than caldera type volcanoes, like Yellowstone and Crater Lake. They look like unassuming lakes, but are the result of lots of explosions.  I study their shape, size and distribution all over the planet, and Google Earth is an excellent tool to do this. A) Oregon, B) Alaska, C) Saudi Arabia, D) Nicaragua, E) Australia, F) Ethiopia.

 If you are interested in general volcano teaching resources, my colleague Janine Krippner from Concord College and I have a catalog of resources on our blog and we add things as we learn about them! http://inthecompanyofvolcanoes.blogspot.com/2016/02/volcanology-teaching-resources.html

Monday, April 9, 2018

Sketchnoting

Sketchnoting is described as a method of note-taking incorporating images and text.  It is not a new concept by any means. People have been sketchnoting, doodling, visual-note-taking for quite some time the only difference now, is there is science that supports why it is beneficial. There are a few theories out there that support the “why” of sketchnoting.  One being, The Dual Coding Theory. Psychology professor Allan Paivio proposed that verbal and nonverbal processing were necessary for learning.  “In one experiment, participants saw pairs of items that differed in roundness (e.g., tomato, goblet), and were asked to indicate which member of the pair was rounder.  The objects were presented as words, pictures, or word-picture pairs. The response times were slowest for word-word pairs, intermediate for the picture-word pairs, and fastest for the picture-picture pairs.” Another theory is that of The Drawing Effect from Wammes, Meade, and Fernandes.  This theory believes "that drawing improves memory by encouraging a seamless integration of semantic, visual, and motor aspects of a memory trace." The connecting tissue for both theories is that sketchnoting is beneficial to our brain.  
So, what exactly goes into sketchnoting? There are a few elements that one must think about and incorporate into their sketchnote, i.e. structure, icons/images, connectors, and typography are just a few of the elements. Before you even get started it is important to know that sketchnoting is personal. The elements that you pick are based on what works for you and your ability. Often times, it is the self-critiques that keep people from sketchnoting, so always keep in mind that this process is about your ability to critically think about information, and use images that are symbolic to your processing of that information. Perfection is not a target to aim towards.

To get a visual of what sketchnotes could look like here are some examples from Sylvia Duckworth.


For all Southern Nevada Ready 21 educators, please come out and get some hands-on practice with Sketchnoting on April 10th or April 11th.
























Resources:
Clark and Paivio:Dual coding theory and education
Wammes, Meade, and Fernandes: The drawing effect

Felicia Wilson
Las Vegas

Monday, March 26, 2018

Case Study: Peer-Reviewed Digital Notes

One of the challenges teachers face when transitioning to a 1:1 classroom is what to do with student notes. Way back in 2016 BC (Before Chromebooks), teachers lectured from PowerPoint presentations as students quickly scribbled down notes into their notebooks. But in 2018 AD (After Device), some teachers found the notebook option lacking, especially with all of the things you can do with Google Docs!

Before I became a professional development strategist for Nevada Ready 21, I worked at an AVID school and had my students use the Cornell notes method for notetaking. 

In order to take Cornell notes, students setup their notebooks by drawing a vertical line about two inches in from the left side of the notebook page. The resulting two columns have specific roles. The column on the right is for notetaking and the column on the left is used for students to write higher-order thinking questions based on their notes. The idea is that when students study, they cover up their notes and try to answer their questions. If they need a little extra help answering their questions, they can peek at their notes to find the answers.

The Cornell notes method is awesome. But right about the time when my classroom received devices, I struggled with how exactly to transition from a paper-based Cornell notes method to an online one. 

I have found that it's easier to come up with ideas for Google Doc templates when I think of it in terms of the problem I am trying to solve and the resulting solution to the problem. In that spirit, I wrote a case study narrative of a problem a teacher named Mr. Ramirez sees in his history class and how he has figured out the solution to his problem.

Problem


Over the years Mr. Ramirez has developed a version of the Cornell method of notetaking that he loves teaching to his students in his history class. When Mr. Ramirez lectures from a Slides presentation, students take notes in their notebooks using the traditional two column Cornell note set-up. Every second or third slide, he stops lecturing so his students can review and revise their notes, highlight key ideas, and collaborate with each other by sharing ideas. He even has students write their own higher-order thinking questions based on the content from their notes. Mr. Ramirez's school recently became a 1:1 Chromebook school and now he wants to update his beloved style of notetaking for the digital age.

Solution

Mr. Ramirez created a Doc template he calls his Peer-Reviewed Digital Notes template. He made it in Docs and set it up using a series of tables. One of his gripes about online worksheets made in Docs is that all of them are made in the vertical orientation even though all computer screens are horizontal. He figured switching the page setup to landscape would take advantage of the conputer screen's real estate. He created separate columns in which students could take notes, type their higher-order thinking questions, and write their note summaries.

He noticed students just copied his notes verbatim from the slides so when he digitized his notetaking process, he left another column where he could copy and paste the words from his slides into the Doc. This way students can concentrate on writing their own notes. The awesome thing about giving his notes to his students is that they have to use their critical thinking skills to synthesize new information based on the initial notes he provides. He figured students could also add images they found online to their notes as he lectured.

Mr. Ramirez wanted to increase collaboration amongst his students, which is one of the skills identified by the Partnership for 21st Century Skills as important for today's students to master. To get students to collaborate with one another, he paired students up and made them both peer-reviewers. Students were to share their notes with their collaborative peer reviewer and help one another come up with annotations, ideas for questions, and a review of summaries.

Download the Doc Template from this Case Study: Peer-Reviewed Digital Notes

Give the "eCornell notes method" a try and let me know how it goes!

-Chris Justus
Las Vegas

Tuesday, March 20, 2018

Beating the Implementation Dip: How to Maintain Momentum


Heather Crawford-Ferre, Ph.D.

Many Nevada Ready 21 schools are in their second year of one-to-one instruction and have experienced many successes, but also encountered challenges. If you work in these schools you might report “implementation dip”. Educational researcher Michael Fullen (2001) coined this term to describe the dip in performance and confidence as one encounters an innovation that requires new skills and understandings.

(Graphic from the Center for Public Education)

 Consider this story about the implementation dip from Sue Chapman (2017):

A couple of months ago, my 90-year-old mother bought her first smart phone. Mom was excited about all she could do with this new tool and wanted to become proficient. But she struggled to remember the steps she needed to follow. She did not yet know how to swipe and tap proficiently. As she experimented, she would accidentally change settings and move apps to places where she could no longer find them. Eventually, my mother stopped using her smart phone. It was just easier to call family members on her traditional phone rather than trying to send a text. It had been fun to take photos with the phone but it was hard to remember how to share them. When mom needed to look u a phone number or make an appointment or check the weather, by habit she went to her Rolodex, or the calendar on her desk or the thermometer on the wall (p. 1).  (Click here to see a picture of her mom with her new phone http://bit.ly/2poMtWd).

This dip is a normal part of any learning experience and research indicates that nearly all teachers experience an implementation dip during the early stages of change (Fullen, 1999), but “here’s the danger of the implementation dip – it’s the point in learning where there is the greatest chance that a learner will give up” (Chapman, 2017, p. 1).

This all might leave you wondering – how do I maintain momentum or help my teachers maintain their momentum? Research calls attention to the important role of the instructional coach. A coach can help teachers push through the implementation dip by modeling best practices and providing feedback and support as teachers try new practices. Additionally, coaches can support teachers in developing a growth mindset about their own failures. Remember that the NR21 team is here to help if you need a nudge through your own implementation dip! For a positive message about seeking happy failure and learning through the implementation dip watch this TedTalk from Olympic gold medalist Adam Kreek (https://ed.ted.com/on/v26wnG0x).
 

Remember, what you are doing is messy and challenging. There will be days with failure, but those might be the days that you learn the most!

References


Chapman, S. (2017). Coaching: The answer to the implementation dip. Retrieved from https://mathsolutions.com/uncategorized/coaching-the-answer-to-the-implementation-dip/

Fullen, M., & Smith, G. (1999). Technology and the problem of change. Retrieved from http://www.michaelfullan.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/13396041050.pdf

Fullen, M. (2001). Leading in a culture of change. San Fransisco, Jossey-Bassy.

 

 

 

Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Drab to FAB... How to Make the Peer-Reviewed Bell Ringer Doc

I am facilitating my Leveraging Online Tools course offered through the Nevada Ready 21 grant and one of the assignments is to create a dynamic Doc teachers can use with their students to increase the collaboration in daily lessons. As an example of what I'd like my participants to create, I turned a drab Doc into a FAB one with a few simple design tricks and tips I've learned over the years.

Before we get to how to improve the design of digital handouts, read through the problem I am trying to solve in my classroom and the Doc solution to my problem.


Problem: During the first 5 minutes of every period, students are expected to access my Slide deck where I house the prompt to the daily bell ringer. Students copy and paste the prompt into a Doc then proceed to answer the question. Every Friday, students turn that Doc in to me through a Google Classroom assignment and I grade their responses and input the grade to my gradebook. I use the grade from my bell ringer activity as a participation grade in my gradebook. The problem with my setup is that it takes too long to grade their response and it's almost not worth all the effort for a participation grade that is only worth 5% of the total grade. It can take up to an hour to get through it all! I'd like to create a system in which students can review the work of their peers, use a rubric to grade responses, and input grades to a form so I can easily transfer the grades to my gradebook.

Solution: My "Peer-Reviewed Bell Ringer" Doc will give my students an area to copy and paste the daily bell ringer prompt into a cell of a table for each day of the week. On Fridays, I will use this Random Group Generator to randomly assign students a peer-reviewer. Each student will type their name and the name of their peer-reviewer into the Doc. As a class we will go over each question and the peer-reviewers will provide feedback in the appropriate cell. I created a Form that I have linked to on the bell ringer Doc where students can input the participation grade along with the link to their peer's Doc (I want to include this so that I can keep everybody honest!) My Doc will help my students practice their collaboration skills because the peer reviewers provide feedback weekly to peers in their class. Since this peer review process requires a little "hand holding" at first, I plan to do some "think-alouds" with my students in which I tell my students my thinking process as I grade another student's work. I think that with a lot of practice, my students will be able to provide meaningful feedback to their peers!

I created a screencast tutorial on how I formatted my finished Doc. If you would like to learn my tips and tricks of how I turn a drab Doc into a FAB one, make a copy of the drab Doc to your Drive, watch the embedded video below, and follow along!




(Don't want to follow along to create the FAB version of my Peer-Reviewed Bell Ringer Doc on your own? Make a copy of the finished Doc to your Drive with this link.)

-Chris Justus
Las Vegas

Tuesday, February 20, 2018

Spatial Reasoning: How to Build It and Why it’s Important


Spatial Reasoning: How to Build it and Why it’s Important
Heather Crawford-Ferre, Ph.D.

Spatial thinking includes the positions of objects and shapes and how they relate to each other.  Linn and Petersen (1985) define spatial sense as the “mental process used to perceive, store, recall, create, edit and communicate spatial images” (p. 1479). Spatial reasoning includes all of these definitions, but also decides how efficiently you pack your suitcase or load your dishwasher!

 Below is an example that requires spatial reasoning.


Using any combination of the pattern blocks above, determine the greatest and fewest number of pattern blocks possible to fill the figure.


Spatial reasoning skills are vitally important. Students with strong spatial reasoning skills are more likely to be successful in STEM disciplines (Hutton & Taylor, 2013), including medicine, architecture, graphic design, and geography. Additionally, research indicates that improving students’ spatial skills also leads to improved achievement in problem solving, critical thinking and mathematics.

Spatial visualization is not intuitive. Students do not automatically grow in spatial reasoning, but rather through experience and practice (Clements, Samara & Wilson, 2004). Many students in the United States lack the experiences to build spatial reasoning skills. This is particularly true to females, whose toys are less likely to require spatial skill for play. Fortunately, research indicates that through carefully selected activities, students can improve their spatial reasoning (Casey, Andrews, Schiendler, Kersh, Samper & Copley, 2008).

Spatial Reasoning Activities for your Chromebook

1.      Use Google Maps to investigate location, magnitude, and relative distance and directions. Try this lesson plan from National Geographic Education Collection. (http://bit.ly/2HlfpWI)

2.      Use Google Draw to explore Tangrams and investigate moving, rotating and translating shapes. After solving some puzzles encourage students to design puzzles to challenge other students. Try these puzzles to get you started. (http://bit.ly/2ovfpbX)

3.      Have students explore photography and videography. This provides the opportunity for students to experiment with different angles and senses of scale. This is a great chance to try WeVideo (It’s included for Nevada Ready 21 schools). (https://www.wevideo.com/)

4.      Try Desmos (It’s included for Nevada Ready 21 schools) to investigate surface area and nets. Try this multi-day lesson plan from a Google Certified Educator (https://jennvadnais.com/2016/05/21/nets-surface-area-desmos/)

5.      Learn to play music. Many researchers have found that playing music increases spatial skills. Have you tried Noteflight yet? It’s included for Nevada Ready 21 schools).  (https://www.noteflight.com/)

6.      Make time for (carefully chosen) video games. Research shows that games where the individual is playing in “first person” significantly increases the likelihood of visualizing movement. You might also try the classic video game Tetris which significantly increases spatial rotation skills!

References

Casey, B. M., Andrews, N., Schindler, H., Kersh, J. E., Samper, A. and Copley, J. (2008). The development of spatial skills through interventions involving block-building activities’. Cognition and Instruction, 26(3), 269–309.

 Clements, D. H., Wilson, D. C. and Sarama, J. (2004). Young children’s composition of geometric figures: A learning trajectory. Mathematical Thinking and Learning, 6(2), 163–184.

Hutton, A., & Taylor, H. A. (2013). Training spatial thinking fundamental to STEM education. Cognitive Processing, 31(4), 434–455

Linn, M. C., & Petersen, A. C. (1985). Emergence and characterization of sex differences in spatial ability: A meta-analysis. Child Development, 56(6), 1479-1498.